exhibits

History

Aircraft By Type

Jets

Aircraft Make & Model:
Boeing 737-232
MTOW:
115,500 lbs.
Range:
1,680 statute miles
Speed:
490 mph
Seats:
107 passengers (12 First, 95 Coach)
Length:
100 ft., 2 in.
Wingspan:
93 ft.
Height:
37 ft.
Engines:
2 Pratt & Whitney JT8D-15A
HP or Thrust:
15,500 lbs.
No. flown by DL:
RoutesFlown:
Advantages:
Drawbacks:
First Delivery:
October 1983, leased from Boeing
First Scheduled Service:
December 1, 1983 (Dallas/Ft. Worth-Memphis-Atlanta)
Reason Aquired:
To expand service over short and medium domestic routes.
Last Retirement:
Reason Disposed:

Narrative:  Boeing 737 1983-present


First Delta 737s Leased

In December 1982, airlines were feeling effects of U.S. economic recession and intense competition after airline deregulation in 1978. Delta resized its fleet to add cost-efficient and smaller planes to compete more effectively in domestic markets.

Delta reached agreement with Boeing to trade 11 older Lockheed L-1011 Tristars in exchange for 33 Boeing 737-232s over a two-year period. Boeing would purchase TriStars and lease 737s to Delta. This agreement was believed to be largest industry deal of its kind at the time.

Model 232

This versatile short-range, twin-jet allowed Delta to better compete with regional carriers and expand short and medium-haul service in and out of its major hubs, such as Dallas/Fort Worth, Boston, Cincinnati and Atlanta. Delta could also overfly hubs and provide direct, nonstop service in smaller markets.

The 737-232 carried one-third more payload and had twice the range of Boeing's original 737-100, which entered service in early 1968 with Lufthansa. It was six feet longer than the earlier model. 

Design improvements included:

  • Aerodynamic refinements for takeoffs from very short runways
  • New digital instrumentation to reduce fuel burn through efficient flight management and precise navigation
  • Higher certified gross weights
  • More powerful and fuel-efficient engines

The 1,000th 737 produced by Boeing was delivered to Delta on December 9, 1983. It carried Delta fleet number Ship 306.

Interior
Delta's 737-232s were the first 737's with a new "advanced-technology interior design" introduced earlier on the Boeing 757:

  • New light-weight materials cut maintenance costs and reduced weight of airplane by over 600 pounds.
  • Cabin space expanded with flattened ceilings and enclosed overhead stowage bins that allowed more headroom. 
  • Bins increased in size and strength to hold 180-pound loads, with stowage space of 1.7 cubic feet per passenger.
  • Galleys and lavatories were located at each end of cabin, outside flow of traffic. 
  • Lighting washed ceiling and sidewall panels to enhance feeling of spaciousness.
  • Panels, made of advanced composite materials with a high strength-to-weight ratio, were light, easy to clean and remove for maintenance.

Model 347 from Western Airlines
Western Airlines officially merged with Delta on April 1, 1986, and brought 46 Boeing 737s to Delta: 33 of Model 232 and 13 of Model 347.

Western (as well as Lufthansa) was particularly influential in Boeing's design of the 737 as an airport-versatile plane. Learn more. See Western's "737 Special" issue of company's magazine in 1968.

Model 800
"We ordered the new Boeing 737-800 with Central America routes in mind…The use of a brand-new aircraft in Latin America underlines Delta's strong commitment to success in the market. The Boeing 737-800 is the perfect aircraft for shorter international flights, such as Delta's flight from Atlanta to Guatemala City." Delta Managing Director-Latin America Rudi Forster, 1999.

Delta acquired 737-800's in 1999:

  • Held 154 passengers in 2-class configuration: Business and Economy. 
  • Powered by two CFM56-7B engines and with new wing design had higher cruising speed than earlier Boeing 737 models.
  • Newly designed business-class seats with footrests.
  • Larger overhead compartments for carry-on baggage.

First Delta 737-800 service was April 4, 1999 (Atlanta and Guatemala). Delta announced that -800's would eventually be used on all flights between U.S. and Central America, and the daily Atlanta to Caracas, Venezuela, flight. By 2003, 737-800's completely replaced Delta's Boeing 727 jets.

In 2006, Delta, operating under bankruptcy protection, announced plans to reduce domestic flights and increase international flights. With these schedule changes, Delta announced plans to sell 38 of its 737-800 that were on order from Boeing and acquire other Boeing aircraft, including the smaller 737-700.

Model 700
"The 737-700 is a better fit for the current needs of our network, providing flexibility in our fleet to fly longer, thinner domestic routes while at the same time supporting our international expansion to Latin America and the Caribbean," Delta Managing Director of Fleet Planning and Acquisition Mel Fauscett, 2008.

Beginning in August 2008, Delta received ten Boeing 737-700s. Improvements:

  • Carbon brakes weighing 700 pounds less than steel brakes. 
  • Drag- and emissions-reducing Blended Winglets (wing tip extensions)
  • Cabins with 124 seats (smaller than its 150-seat Boeing 737-800s) to serve smaller and developing markets. 
  • Replaced older MD-80s in Delta's fleet.

First Delta 737-700 service in August 2008, over mostly domestic routes. On December 18, the 737-700 opened new Delta route between Atlanta and Honduras capital of Tegucigalpa. It allowed Delta to add service to unique airports, such as Tegucigalpa's Toncontin International Airport, with short runways, extreme temperatures and high altitudes.

Model 900
First of 100 Boeing 737-900ER's delivered to Delta on September 27, 2013. Entered service on November 1 (Atlanta—Detroit). Intended for long-haul domestic flights and to replace less fuel-efficient and older technology Boeing 757 and 767 and Airbus A320 aircraft. 

Cabin has 180 passenger seats. First Delta aircraft with Boeing's new “Sky Interior” with LED lighting, modern, sculpted sidewalls, and overhead bins that disappear into the ceiling yet carry more bags than previous 737 models.

In 2015, Delta began installing split-scimitar winglets on its 737-900ERs to improve overall fuel efficiency.

More Information

  • 1968 Western Airlines 737 Special Issue: Western introduces the 737 to employees in its company magazine Flight Times.
  • Delta.com: News release "Delta Announces Order for 100 Boeing 737-900ER Aircraft," August 25, 2011.
  • Delta.comBoeing 737-700 seat maps
  • Delta.com: Boeing 737-800 seat maps
  • Flickr: Cockpit, cabin and exterior photos of Delta 737-700s in 2008
  • Boeing.comDevelopment and specifications of the 737
Pictures
  • Boeing 737-800
  • boeing_737-700
  • boeing_737_interior
  • boeing_737
Videos
  • Delta 737-700 landing at Toncontin International Airport in February 2009